Thursday, January 8, 2009

A day classes project is due 1/9.
B day classes project is due 1/11.

This is a copy of the study guide for the test.

A day test 1/13
Bday test 1/14

Minerals and the Rock Cycle Study Guide

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. A mineral's streak

____ 2. Which of the following physical properties can be expressed in numbers?

____ 3. If the atoms of a substance are arranged in a specific, repetitive pattern, the substance is

____ 4. In addition to reclamation, a good way to reduce the environmental effects of mining is to

____ 5. The color of the powder that a mineral leaves on a piece of white, unglazed porcelain is called the mineral's

____ 6. Which statement best describes minerals?

____ 7. Which of the following describes gems?

____ 8. The most common classification of minerals is based on

____ 9. The two most common elements in the Earth's crust are

____ 10. ____ is the basic building block of many rocks.

____ 11. Which of the following is NOT a property that is commonly used to identify minerals?

____ 12. A type of rock that forms deep within the Earth when magma solidifies is called

____ 13. A type of rock that forms under high temperature and pressure but is not exposed to enough heat to melt the rock is

____ 14. After they are deposited, sediments, such as sand, are turned into sedimentary rock when they are compacted and

____ 15. The layering that occurs in sedimentary rock is called

____ 16. Which of these causes the breakdown of rock?

____ 17. Sedimentary rock is formed when grains of sediment undergo

____ 18. When magma or lava cools down enough, it solidifies to form

____ 19. Which type of rock forms near the Earth's surface without the influence of intense heat and pressure?

____ 20. Which of the following is the correct order of steps in a sedimentary rock cycle?

____ 21. Most fossils come from animals that lived

____ 22. The word metamorphic comes from meta- and morphos- meaning

____ 23. Under increased pressure and heat, the minerals calcite, quartz, and hematite combine and recrystallize to form the mineral garnet. This is an example of

Complete each sentence or statement.

24.A naturally formed, inorganic solid with a definite internal geometric structure is called a
35. ____________________.

25. ____________________ is the tendency of minerals to break along flat surfaces.

26.The smallest part of an element that has all the properties of that element is called a(n)
39. ____________________.

Short Answer

27. What are the three major rock types, and how can they change from one type to another?

28. How is lava different from magma?

29. Name four processes that change rock from one type to another.

30. What's the difference between intrusive and extrusive rock?

Wednesday, December 3, 2008

Homework - Got the Shakes crossword puzzle.

Here is a copy of the study guide for the test on earthquakes. It does not contain the pictures or the chart. They can be found in the book:

Earthquakes Study Guide

Name _______________________________________________

____ 1. When rock is _ elastically deformed, energy builds up in it. Seismic waves occur as
this energy is released.

____ 2. The strongest earthquakes usually occur near convergent boundaries.

____ 3. If an earthquake begins while you are in a building, the safest thing to do first is get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furniture.

____ 4. Studying earthquake waves currently allows seismologists to:
determine when an earthquake started.
learn about the Earth's interior.
determine where an earthquake started.

____ 5. Elastic rebound causes the ground to move during an earthquake.

____ 6. Most earthquakes occur along or near the edges of the Earth's tectonic plates.

____ 7. Convergent motion occurs where two tectonic plates push together.

____ 8. Divergent motion occurs where two tectonic plates pull away from each other.

____ 9. Shallow, moderate earthquakes are produced along strike-slip faults.

____ 10. Strong, deep earthquakes are produced along reverse faults.

____ 11. Weak, shallow earthquakes are produced along normal faults.

Examine the illustration below, and answer the questions
that follow.

(this picture is on pg. 125, figure 6)
____ 12. Which type of seismic wave is illustrated above? a surface wave

Examine the illustration below and answer the questions that follow.
(tis picture is in your notebook.)

____ 13.Which point in the illustration represents the epicenter of the earthquake? point B

____ 14.Which point in the illustration represents the focus of the earthquake? point D

____ 15.The Richter scale is used to measure the strength of an earthquake.

____ 16.The West Coast of the United States has the highest earthquake hazard level.

____ 17. A(n) active tendon system is a weight placed in the roof of a building that moves to counteract the building's movement during an earthquake.

____ 18. Flexible pipes help prevent water and gas lines from breaking during an earthquake.

Examine the table below, and answer the questions that follow.

(this table is on pg. 130, figure 11)

____ 19. Look at the trends of earthquakes in the table above. Generally, based on observations of worldwide earthquakes since 1900, with each step down in earthquake magnitude, the number of earthquakes per year is about

____ 20. In January of 2001, Kutch, in the Indian state of Gujarat, was the epicenter of a 30-second earthquake that registered 6.9 on the Richter scale. Using the table above, this earthquake would be described as

____ 21. According to the table, earthquakes that register between 6.0 and 6.9 on the Richter scale occur approximately ____ times a year worldwide.

____ 22. In June 1994, an earthquake in Northern Bolivia that measured 8.2 on the Richter scale was felt all the way from South America to Canada. According to the table, what type of damage near the epicenter would have occurred with an earthquake of this intensity?

____ 23. How often does an earthquake measuring 8.2 on the Richter scale, such as the one in Bolivia in 1994, occur worldwide?

24. Energy is released as elastic rebound occurs.

25. The instrument used to record earthquake waves is a seismograph.

Tuesday, December 2, 2008

The marking period is over and we are now working on earthquakes. There will be a test on earthquakes on 12/5 for A day students and 12/8 for B Day students.

After the test we will begin the "Science Rocks Museum" project.

Sunday, October 19, 2008

This page contains a list of projects, activities, quizzes, tests and homework that have been assigned. The purpose of this page is to keep both students and parents aware of whats going on in science class. If, as a student you see something listed and you don't remember doing it, chances are I don't have a grade for you. All work must be made up. As a parent you should have seen the graded paper come home. Please ask your child to show you his/her work. Please email me at if you have any questions.

Our 1st project was to create a Lab Manual.

Our 1st test was on the Lab Rules.

Our next graded assignment was to write up the Density Lab.

The students had to draw, color and label the map on page 72. They had to cut it out and we did a project in class with the pieces.

The ditto called Earthly Anagrams was done in class, collected and graded.

The chapter 4 test was taken.

We are now working on the Volcano Packet. The students will have 10 class periods to work on completing the packet. Remember every time I see a class it is considered 2 class periods. I will be available any day after school, except Wednesday, for students who would like to use the media center.

If you need to replace your packet click

Mrs. Knouse 8th Grade Science 2008 - 2009