Thursday, January 8, 2009

A day classes project is due 1/9.
B day classes project is due 1/11.

This is a copy of the study guide for the test.

A day test 1/13
Bday test 1/14

Minerals and the Rock Cycle Study Guide

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. A mineral's streak

____ 2. Which of the following physical properties can be expressed in numbers?

____ 3. If the atoms of a substance are arranged in a specific, repetitive pattern, the substance is

____ 4. In addition to reclamation, a good way to reduce the environmental effects of mining is to

____ 5. The color of the powder that a mineral leaves on a piece of white, unglazed porcelain is called the mineral's

____ 6. Which statement best describes minerals?

____ 7. Which of the following describes gems?

____ 8. The most common classification of minerals is based on

____ 9. The two most common elements in the Earth's crust are

____ 10. ____ is the basic building block of many rocks.

____ 11. Which of the following is NOT a property that is commonly used to identify minerals?

____ 12. A type of rock that forms deep within the Earth when magma solidifies is called

____ 13. A type of rock that forms under high temperature and pressure but is not exposed to enough heat to melt the rock is

____ 14. After they are deposited, sediments, such as sand, are turned into sedimentary rock when they are compacted and

____ 15. The layering that occurs in sedimentary rock is called

____ 16. Which of these causes the breakdown of rock?

____ 17. Sedimentary rock is formed when grains of sediment undergo

____ 18. When magma or lava cools down enough, it solidifies to form

____ 19. Which type of rock forms near the Earth's surface without the influence of intense heat and pressure?

____ 20. Which of the following is the correct order of steps in a sedimentary rock cycle?

____ 21. Most fossils come from animals that lived

____ 22. The word metamorphic comes from meta- and morphos- meaning

____ 23. Under increased pressure and heat, the minerals calcite, quartz, and hematite combine and recrystallize to form the mineral garnet. This is an example of

Complete each sentence or statement.

24.A naturally formed, inorganic solid with a definite internal geometric structure is called a
35. ____________________.

25. ____________________ is the tendency of minerals to break along flat surfaces.

26.The smallest part of an element that has all the properties of that element is called a(n)
39. ____________________.

Short Answer

27. What are the three major rock types, and how can they change from one type to another?

28. How is lava different from magma?

29. Name four processes that change rock from one type to another.

30. What's the difference between intrusive and extrusive rock?

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